World Culture and History

Indian culture is one of the oldest and unique culture and people follows amazing cultural diversity throughout the world. India is the country where the culture echoes, tradition speaks, beauty captivate and the diversity pleasures and where the entire universe reside and follows.

Religions:

Throughout India’s history, religion plays an important role in country’s culture. India is the birthplace of world’s four major religions to be specific Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism which even exists till today. In modern period new religions were also found in India. The religion Hinduism is dominated than other religions. More than 80% of Indians are Hindus.

Languages:

Aplenty of languages available in India depending on different types of people and region. According to the census reported at 2001, India has 122 major languages and 1599 other languages. Government of India has rewarded the difference of traditional language to Tamil, Sanskrit, Telugu, Kannada, Malayalam and Oriya.

Festivals:

India is also well described as a land of festivals. Many festivals celebrated by differnt types of people in India. Popular religious festivals comprises the Hindu festivals of Makar Sankranti, Maha Shivaratri, Diwali, Pongal, Onam, Rakshabanthan, Ganesha Chaturthi, Holi, Dussehra. Sikh festivals like Guru Nanak Jayanti. Islamic festivals of Eid ul-Fitr, Eid al-Adha, Mawlid an-Nabi and Christian festivals of Christmas and days of observances like as Good Friday are observed all over the country. People wear new clothes with joy and visits neighbor to exchange their wishes with sweets.

Art :

Indian art consists various art deigns including visual arts like Cave painting, plastic arts ( pottery and sculpture) and textile arts like woven silks. Bhimbetka rock shelters shows a man riding a horse. It has been considered as UNESCO World Heritage Site. People and tribal art in India takes on variously displayed through different medias such as pottery, painting, metalwork, paper-art, weaving and designing of objects such as jewelry and toys. In the earliest indian region, the Buddhism created temple arts are the inspiring major artistic monuments. As soon as the Buddhists formed rock -cut caves, the Hindus and jains started to do like them at Elephanta, Mamallapuram, Aurangabad, Badami and so on.6362193121_988babab68_z

Dances in India:

Dance can be composed f various styles in country. Shiva popularly known as Nataraja is praised as the Lord of Dance in Hinduism. From different parts of the India, different forms of dances arises in Indian culture. Bharathanatiyam, Kathakali, Kathak, Kuchipudi, Odissi and Sattriya are different types of styles. Kuchipidi, Bharathanatiyam, Odissi and Sattriya were classical dances whereas Kathakali is a highly stylized.3213410752_db70875f26_z

Heritage:

The most popular and well known example is Tajmahal, built by Shah Jahan to his wife Mumtaz. Other heritage sites are Agra Fort, Ajanta Caves, Churches and Convents of Goa, Elephanta Caves, Ellora Caves, Great Living Chola Temples, Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram, Hill Forts of Rajasthan, Humayun’s Tomb, Delhi, Qutb Minar and its Monuments, Delhi,Red Fort Complex, Mountain Railways of India, Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka , Sun Temple and so on.

Foods and clothing :

Wheat, basmati rice and pulses with Bengal gram are important foods of the Indian diet. The foods rich with curries and spices includes ginger, coriander, cardamom, turmeric, dried hot peppers, and cinnamon, among others. Chutneys such as coconut, tamarind and tomatoes and mint are used generally used in Indian cooking. Colorful silk saree wearing women are recognized as Indians. For men dhotis and Kurthas wears usually and for special occasions they wear Sherwani.

Not just the previous things like festivals, arts, foods, cloths and dances tat depicts our Indian culture but its main strength its unity, humanity, secularism, tolerance.

Image by  runwitme’sMuzammil KhamgaonJitendra Singh : Indian Travel Photographer


 

In this world, historic monuments list is endless and uncountable. These historic monuments are the important things to the social group. Later on or upcoming generations can able to get the information about their ancestors and their cultural and historical heritage too. There are hundreds and thousands of beautiful, historic and incomparable monuments carved around the world. We can’t say everything is unique, but there are few monuments noticeably famous for their beauty and not only for social and historical aspects. Here few wonders is listed below, these are the must visit historic wonders and flocks of people fly from all corners of the world to see them each year.

Machu Picchu:

Peru is one of the ancient region in the world, which is the combination of beautiful landscapes, modern and ancient cultures and the enigmatic Machu Picchu. The enigmatic Machu Picchu draws attention of much visitors across the world, specially to watch out the abundance of awe-inspiring monument in the world presents everywhere here. These abundance of ancient monuments, history of rich culture, unique landscape and more are the gifts bestowed by the Incas, who created this scenic landscape over there. The majestic Machu Picchu city perched high 300 m / 1000 ft above the Urubamba River. If you want to explore this region, indulge in to the hiking over the Inca Trails. After reached the top of the hill, you can find out the spectacular collection of temples, terraced hills and plazas of the Inca’s. This ruined monuments serves as a evidence of the ancient Incas lifestyle, culture and more.(image by wbirt1)9093323982_13f9f1df9c_b

Tikal:

Tikal is almost resembles the Machu Picchu not in the way of construction. In Tikal you can able to watch the evidence of Mayan civilizations.History of Mayan civilization is still in mystery, aplenty of research is going on with this. This Tikal is a large archaeological site in the Guatemalan department of Petén. You can also find other few ancient wonders of Mayans. The Tikal was one of the largest and most important of the Mayan cities. The construction of Tikal is similar as the Mayan city Chichén Itzá, but located in the deep of the vast forest region. There immerse in to the wonders of Tikal such as the Tikal’s plazas, pyramids, and temples, but you have to walk under a thick canopy. During Tikal trip you must explore the wonders Temple of the Grand Jaguar, Northern Acropolis, and Temple of Inscriptions.(image by Shuwi)3056489443_b9a3e376a7_z

Petra:

Jordan is a collection of ancient historic wonders, where each ancient wonder is unique. Western part of the Jordan is still famous for the spectacular Petra. The Petra located in the Nabatean city, which is a wonderful historic monument with massive facades. This have been carved entirely out of the existing red sandstone. Petra’s magnificent temples and tombs are really fascinating, unlike other religious buildings in the world. Around the Petra, you must find best places for the hikers as well as many historical sites. This rugged landscape serves as a hiker’s paradise. Explore the dramatic history of the Petra city and its fascinating sights.(image by Seetheholyland.net)5748356313_e3d389c8d4_b

These are the must visit historical monuments in the world.


Featured image courtesy by hjfklein

 

Culture is the great identification or address or envelope to each human and each part of the world, though world have crossed many decades, each union is well known to all only by its culture. World is fully sprinkled with plenty of great cultures, among the clusters of cultures the African culture is somewhat unique, if we embark our review to know about the African culture, it will reveal many amazing and interesting ethnic cultures, because Africa is the vast region with many provinces, let’s we see some more interesting facts about the great African culture and its colossal pride. This review will be the best combo for those who really invade towards the great cultures in the world.

Africa, a great continent with the unique environment, where you can dive in to all kind of wonders, whether you want to make your trip with greenery or red sand covered deserts you must invade towards it. Let’s begin in to Africa culture, which is the best place to see the stunning and tremendous arts and crafts work, especially arts and crafts attracts people from world widely in the variety of woodcarvings, brass, leather art, sculpture, paintings, pottery, ceremonial and religious headgear and dress. Africa’s traditional arts and craft almost surrounded by certain themes such as a couple, a woman with a child, a male with a weapon or animal, and an outsider or a stranger. 4171373577_d24ed95d1a_z

Especially the BaKongo voodoo mask is the stunning traditional craft of the African, apart from the worthy arts and crafts product; there you can also find the Folktales playing an important role in many African cultures, which expose the uniqueness of the Africa by tales, folktales is the customized name of many stories such as the 28 South African folktales, 40 Nigerian folktales and 10 Tanzanian folktales. In Africa you must also enjoy the African dance, where the African human or Maasai usually play sound and rhythm of the drum, it will awake the dancing mood of the people.

Next is clothing in all region or culture women’s attire always dominate the men by its variety, style, fashion and more in this way African Women’s traditional clothes in Ethiopia are made from the cloth shemma. The basic fabric is cotton cloth and about 90 cm wide, woven in long strips which are then sewn together and sometimes it looks more attractive with the shiny threads. Men wear pants and a knee-length shirt with a white collar, knee-high socks, but women might not wear socks at all, both the community can wear shawls.

How you may feel the fatigue, so taste the Africa’s traditional food, south and east part of the African region is lush with the vegetables so there Acarajé, Alloco and so on. In West part of the Africa you can taste the meals with hot spices and chilli peppers, or sauces such as peanut. In Central Africa you can taste the meat with the combination of bean or vegetable.

So enjoy your vacation in Africa and find out the true statement of the above.


featured image courtesy by home made space ship